1. Break down
When a machine or a vehicle breaks down, it stops working.
2. Break up/off
If you break up/off a relationship or agreement, you end it.
3. Bring about
To bring something about means to cause it to happen.
4. Bring along
If you bring something or someone along, you bring them When you come to a place
5. Bring back (1)
if something brings back an event or memory from your past, it makes you
think about it
6. Bring back (2)
When people bring back something that existed in the earlier time, they
introduce it again (=revive)
7. Bring down (1)
if people or events bring down a government or ruler, they cause them to lose
8. Bring down (2)
to bring down the level of something means to reduce it
9. Bring off
if someone brings off something difficult they do it successfully (=pull off)
10. Bring out
When a person or company brings out a new product, they produce it and sell it
11. Bring up (1)
When you bring up a child, you look after it until it is grown up and you try to
give it particular beliefs and attitudes (=raise)
12. Bring up(2)
When you bring up a particular subject, you mention it or introduce it into a
discussion or conversation.
13. Call back
If you call someone back, you telephone them again in return for a telephone
call they have made to you
14. Call off
If you call off an event or an arrangement that has been planned, you cancel it.
15. Carry on
If you carry on with an activity, you continue doing it.
16. Catch on
If something catches on, it becomes popular
17. Catch up(1)
If you catch up with someone, you reach the same standard or level as they
18. Catch up(2)
If you catch up with someone who is in front of you, you reach them by walking faster than they are walking.
19. Catch up on
When you catch up on something, you spend time doing something that you
have not had time to do properly until now.
20. Come across
If you come across someone or something, you find or meet them by chance,
without having expected to or without having thought about it.
21. Come down
if the cost, level or amount of something comes down, it becomes cheaper or less
than it was before. (=decrease, and go up means the opposite).
22. Come off
If an event or action comes off, it is successful or effective.
23. Come up
if something comes up in a conversation or meeting, it is mentioned or
24. Come up with
If you come up with a plan, idea or solution, you think of it and suggest it.
25. Count on(1)
If you count on or upon something, you expect it to happen and include it in your plans.(=rely on)
26. Count on (2)
If you count on or upon someone, you rely on them to support you or help you
27. Cut back on
If you cut something down, you reduce it or do it less often.
28. Cut up
If you cut something up, you cut into several pieces.
29. Do away with
to do away with something means to get rid of it.(=eliminate)
30. Do up(1)
If you do something up, you fasten it.
31. Do up (2)
If you do up an old building, you repair and decorate it and put in modern
32. Do with
If you say you could do with something, you mean that you need it or would like
33. Do without
If you do without something, you manage or survive in spite of not having it. (=go without)
34. Draw up
When you draw up a document, list or plan, you prepare it and write it
35. Drop in
If you drop in on someone, you visit them without making any formal
arrangement to do so.
36. Drop off
When you are driving, If you drop one of your passengers off, you take them to
where they want to go and leave them there.
37. Drop out
If you drop out of a group, you stop belonging to it.
38. Fall behind
If you fall behind when moving with a group of people, you move more slowly than
them, so they get ahead of you.
39. Fall out
If you fall out with someone, you have an argument and are no longer friendly
40. Get across
If an idea or argument gets across, or If you get it across, you succeed in
making other people understand it.
41. Get ahead
If you get ahead, you are successful in your career (= get on )
42. Get along
If you get along with someone, you have a friendly relationship with
43. Get around
If you get around, you go to a lot of different places part of your way of life.
44. Get at
If you get at something, you manage to reach or obtain it.
45. Get away (1)
If you get away from a place or a person’s company, you succeed in leaving
46. Get away (2)
If you get away, you go away to have a holiday
47. Get away (3)
When someone or something gets away from a place, or When you get them
away, they escape.(getaway- they leave place in a great hurry, often after
committing a crime).
48. Get away with
If you get away with something that you should not have done, you are not
criticised or punished for doing it.
49. Get back (1)
If you get back to a place or position, you return there after you have been
50. Get back (2)
If you get something back after you have lost or lent it, you have it once
51. Get by
If you get by, you just manage to survive and have a fairly satisfactory life.
52. Get down(1)
If you get down what someone is saying , you write it down.(=take down)
53. Get down(2)
if something gets you down, it makes you unhappy (=depress)
54. Get down to
When you get down to something, you start doing it seriously and with a lot of
55. Get off
If you get off a bus, train or plane, you leave it.
56. Get on (1)
If you get on in your career, you are successful (=get ahead)
57. Get on (2)
If you say that someone is getting on, you mean that they are old.
58. Get on (3)
If you get on with someone, you like them and have a friendly relationship
with them.(=get along)
59. Get on (4)
If you ask how someone is getting on with an activity, you are asking about
their progress.(=get along)
60. Get out
If you get out of place, you leave it
61. Get over
If you get over an illness or other unpleasant experience, you recover from it.
62. Get round/around
If you get round a difficulty or restriction, you find a way of avoiding it or
of escaping its effects.(=bypass)
63. Get round(2)
If news gets around, about or round, a lot of people hear about it and it
64. Get round(3)
If you get around someone, you persuade them to let you do or have
something, by flattering them.
65. Get through(1)
If you get through to someone on the telephone, you succeed in contacting
66. Get through(2)
If you get through a task, you succeed in finishing it
67. Get through(3)
If you get through an examination, or if someone or something gets you
through it, you pass it
68. Give away
If you give something away, you give it to someone without taking money in
69. Give back
If you give something back, you return it to the person who gave it to you or
who it belongs to.
70. Give up
If you give up an activity or belief, you stop doing it or believing in it.
71. Go after
If you go after someone, you follow them or chase them, sometimes in order to
72. Go ahead
When someone goes ahead with something which they planned, promised or
asked permission to do, they begin to do it(=proceed)
73. Go back
If you go back, you return to a place where you were before
74. Go back on
If you go back on a promise, agreement or statement, you do not do what you
promised or agreed, or you deny what you said.
75. Go by(1)
If someone goes by a place, they go there for a short time in order to do or get
76. Go by (2)
If someone or something goes by, they pass you without stopping.
77. Go down(1)
If the cost, level, standard or amount of something goes down, it
becomes cheaper, lower or less than it was before.
78. Go down(2)
When something goes down in a particular way, it gets a
particular kind of reaction from a person or group of people.
79. Go down with
If you go down with an illness, you catch it or develop
80. Go off(1)
If a gun goes off, it is fired. If a bomb goes off, it explodes
81. Go off(2)
If food or drink goes off, it becomes stale, sour or rotten
82. Go off(3)
If you go off somewhere, you leave the place where you were,
usually in order to do something
83. Go off(4)
If something such as an alarm, bell or flashbulb goes off, it
operates, making a sudden loud noise or flash
84. Go on(1)
If you go on doing something or go on with an activity, you
continue to do it
85. Go on(2)
If you say that something is going on, you mean that it is taking
place at the present time. (=happen)
86. Go out(1)
If a light goes out, it stops shining (=come on)
87. Go out(2)
If you are going out with someone, you spend time with them
socially and have a romantic or sexual relationship with them
88. Go over
If you go over something, you examine, discuss or think about it
very carefully and systematically
89. Go through(1)
If you go through an event or period of time, especially an
unpleasant one, you experience it.
90. Go through(2)
If you go through a list, story or plan you say, describe or
discuss it from the
Beginning to end (run through)
91. Go up(1)
If the cost, level, standard or amount of something goes up, it
Expensive higher or greater than it was before(=rise)
92. Go up(2)
If you go up to a place you visit it or travel there; often used
when the place is
Further north than you or is in a city
93. Go up(3)
If something goes up, it explodes or suddenly starts to burn.
94. Hand back
If you hand something back to someone, you return it to them after you have
borrowed or taken it from them(give back)
95. Hand on
If you hand something on to someone, you give it or leave it to them.(=pass on)
96. Hang around
if you hang around, about or round a place, you spend a lot of time there, often
doing very little.
97. Have on
If you have on a piece of clothing, you are wearing it
98. Have out
If you have out a tooth, your appendix and so on, a dentist or doctor removes
them from your body.
99. Hold back(1)
If you hold back information, you do not reveal it.(=suppress)
100. Hold back(2)
If you hold a person or their career back, you prevent them from making progress.
101. Hold on
If you ask someone to hold on, you want them to wait for a short time(=hang on)
102. Holp up(1)
If something or someone holds up an activity or arrangement, they delay it or make it late.
103. Holp up(2)
If someone holds you up, they point a weapon at you in
order to make you give them money or valuables.
104. Join in
If you join in an activity with other people such as meeting, you become involved in what they are doing
105. Join up
If someone joins up, they become a member of the army, the navy or their air
106. Keep at
If you keep at it, or keep someone at it, you continue or make them continue
working at a job or a task trying hard, even if it is very difficult or
unpleasant (=persevere, stick at, stick to)
107. Keep back
If you keep some information back, you do not tell all that you know about
108. Keep in
If a parent or a teacher keeps children in, they make them stay indoors or they
make them stay late at school.
109. Keep off
If you keep someone or something off a particular area, you prevent them
from going onto it. If you keep off an area, you do not go there yourself.
110. Keep on
If you keep on doing something, you continue to do it and do not stop. (=carry
111. Keep out
If a sign says this, it is warning you not go onto that piece of land
112. Keep up
If you keep it up, you continue working hard, trying hard or achieving the
standard that you have in the past
113. Keep up(2)
If you keep someone up, you delay them going to bed.
114. Keep up(3)
If you keep up with someone else, you move at the same speed as them.
115. Kick off
When football players kick off, they start the game by kicking the ball from the
centre of the pitch.
116. Kick out
If you kick some one out of place or an organisation, you force them to leave it
117. Knock down
If a car or other vehicle knocks someone down, it hits them so that they fall to
the ground and may be injured or killed. (=knock over)
118. Knock out
If a person or team is knocked out of a competition, they are defeated, so that
they take no more part in the competition(=eliminate)
119. Let down
If someone or something lets you down, they fail to do something that you
have been relying on them to do .
120. Let out
If you let something out, you say something out, you say something that you
should have kept secret.
121. Look after
If you look after someone or something, you take care of them and do what is
necessary for them to stay in good condition
122. Look back
You think about something that happened in the past
123. Look down on
If you look down on someone or something, you think they are inferior or
124. Look for
If you’re looking for something, you are trying to find it.
125. Look forward to
If you look forward to something that is going to happen, you want it to happen
because you expect to enjoy it.
126. Look into
If you look into a particular problem, subject o situation, you find out an
examine the facts relating to it.(=investigate)
127. Look on (1)
If you look on while something happens, you watch without taking part
128. Look on(2)
If you look on or upon something in a particular way, you think of it in that
129. Look out
You say or shout “ look out” to warn someone that they are in danger(=watch out)
130. Look out for
If you look out for something that you want or expect, you pay attention to
things around you so that you notice it and can take action went occurs or is
131. Look over
If you look something or someone over, you examine or inspect them in order to
get a general idea of what they are like.
132. Look through
If you look through a group of things or a place, such as a cupboard, box or
room, you examine all the things there, usually because you are trying to
find Something.(=go through)
133. Look up
If you look up a piece of information in a book, or on a timetable or map, you
look there to find the information.
134. Look up to
If you look up to someone, you respect and admire them.
135. Make for
If you make for a place, you move towards it, usually rather hurriedly. (=head
136. Make of
If you ask a person that they make off someone or something you want to
know what their impression, understanding or opinion of them is.
137. Make off
If you make off, you leave somewhere as quickly as possible, often in order to
138. Make out (1)
If you can make something out you manage to see or hear it.
139. Make out(2)
When you make out a form or cheque, you write on it all the necessary
140. Make out (3)
If you make out that something is the case, you try to cause people to believe
141. Make out(4)
If you make out something that is difficult to understand, you manage to
142. Make up(1)
If you make up something such as a story, you invent it, sometimes in order to
143. Make up(2)
The people or things that make up something form that thing (= composed something)
144. Make up(3)
If you make up or If you make yourself up, you put substances such a
lipstick, powder and eye-shadow on your face.
145. Make up(4)
if two people make up with each other or make it up, they become friends
again after they have had a quarrel.
146. Pick up(1)
If you are driving a vehicle and you pick someone or something up, you stop the
vehicle so that you can take them somewhere.
147. Pick up(2)
If you pick up a skin, habit or attitude, you learn it or start having it
making any effort.
148. Play back
149. Play up
If a group of children are playing up or are playing you up , they are being
naughty and are difficult to control.
150. Pull down
Destroy a building or structure deliberately.
151. Put away
If you put something away, you plays it tidily somewhere.
152. Put back (1)
to put back an event , appointment or task means to postpone it happening or
being done until a later time.(=defer)
153. Put back(2)
If you put something back somewhere, you plays it in the position it was in
before it was moved.
154. Put down
When you put down words or numbers, you write or type them somewhere.
155. Put forward
If you put forward an idea or proposal, you stay it or publish it so that people
can consider it and discuss it.(=set out)
156. Put off(1)
If you put off an event or appointment, you delay or postpone it.
If you put a person off, you delay saying them or doing what they want you to do
by telling them that you are too busy.
157. Put off(2)
if something or someone puts you off what you are doing, they cause you to
stop to concentrating by making a sudden noise o distracting you in some
158. Put off(3)
to put someone off doing something or having something means to cause
them to change their mind so that they no longer want to do it or have it.
159. Put on(1)
When a person or group puts on a play, concert or other entertainment, they
organise it or perform it
160. Put on(2)
if someone puts on weight, they become heavier. (=gain)
161. Put on(3)
When you put on a piece of clothing, you place it over a part of your body and
162. Put on(4)
if someone is putting you on, they are teasing you by trying to make you
believe something that is not true.
163. Put out(1)
If you put out a light, you cause it to stop shining by pressing or turning a
switch (=switch off, turn off)
164. Put out(2)
If you put out something that is burning you cause it to stop
165. Put through
If you put through a phone call or the person making the call, you connect
them with the person they want to speak to.
166. Put up
If someone puts you up or if you put up somewhere, you stay with them or stay
there for one or more nights.
167. Put up with
If you put up with something or someone, you tolerate or accept them even
though you find it difficult or unpleasant.(=endure)
168. Run into
If you run into someone, you meet them unexpectedly.(=run across, come
169. Run out
If you run out of something, you have no more of it left.
170. See off
When you see someone off, you go with them to the station, airport or port
that they are leaving from and say goodbye to them there.
171. See through
If you see through a person or see through what they are doing, you realise
what they intention are, even though they are trying to hide them.
172. Send off
If a football player is sent off, the player is made to leave the field during a
game as a punishment for seriously breaking the rules.
173. Send up
If you send someone up, you imitate them in a way that makes them appear
foolish. (=take off)
174. Set off
When you set off, you start a journey. (=set out)
175. Set up
If you set something up, you make the arrangements and preparations that are
necessary for it to start.
176. Take after
If you take after a member of your family, you resemble them in your appearance,
behaviour or character
177. Take away
If you take one number or amount away from another, you subtract the first
from the second
178. Take back(1)
If you take back something which you borrowed or bought, you return it to the
place or person that you got it from, for example because you have finished
using it or because it is damaged
179. Take back(2)
If you take someone back after a quarrel or separation , you
agree to let them live with you or work with you again
180. Take back(3)
If you say something takes your back, you mean that it reminds you of a period
in your past, and makes you think about it again.
181. Take down(1)
If you take down something that is attached to a wall, post or other object, you
unfasten or disconnect it, and remove it (=put)
182. Take down(2)
If you take down what someone is saying, you listen to them and write it down to
record it. (=get down)
183. Take in (1)
If you take in something that you see, hear or read, you pay
attention to it and are able to understand it, remember it or evaluate it.
184. Take in (2)
If you take in something such as a film, a museum or a place
while you are on holiday or travelling somewhere, you go to see it or visit it.
185. Take off (1)
When an aeroplane or bird takes off, it leaves the ground and
186. Take off (2)
If you take off your clothes or something that you are
wearing, you undress or
187. Take off (3)
If you take off something such as an amount of money or a
mark, you subtract
It from a total
188. Take off (4) If you take someone off, you imitate their appearance or
behaviour, usually in
Order to make other people laugh (=mimic)
189. Take off (5)
If something such as a product or activity takes off, it
suddenly becomes very successful and popular.
190. Take on
If you take on a job, task or responsibility, you accept it and try
to do what is required.
191. Take on (2)
If someone takes you on at a place of work, they employ you.
192. Take on (3)
If you take on a rival or opponent, especially one who is
bigger or more powerful than you, you fight or compete against them.
193. Take out (1)
If you take someone out, for example to a restaurant or film,
they go there with you, and you pay for everything.
194. Take out (2)
To take something out means to remove it from the place where it was, often
because it is unwanted or damaged
195. Take over
If you take over a job or responsibility, you start doing it or being
responsible for it after someone else has finished.
196. Take to
If you take to someone or something you begin to like them
197. Take up (1)
If you take up an activity or job, you start doing it (=go in for)
198. Take up (2)
If you take up an activity that was interrupted, you continue doing it from the
point where it had stopped. (=pick up)
199. Take up (3)
If something takes up a particular amount of time, space or effort, it uses that
200. Take up (4)
If you take up an offer, challenge or opportunity, you accept it
201. Try on
If you try on a piece of clothing, you put it on to see it fits you or if it
202. Turn back
If you turn back or are turned back When you are travelling somewhere, you
stop and return to the place you started from.
203. Turn down (1)
If you turn down a person, their request or their offer, you refuse their
request or offer. (=reject)
204. Turn down (2)
When you turn down something, such as a radio or a heater, you adjust the
controls and reduce the amount of sound or heat being produced.
205. Turn off
When you turn off a device, machine or appliance, you adjust the controls in
order to stop it working. (=switch off)
206. Turn on
When you turn on a device, machine or appliance, you adjust the
controls so that it starts working. (=switch on)
207. Turn out
If something turns out a particular way, it happens in that way (=work out)
208. Turn up
If someone turns up, they arrive somewhere (=show up).
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