105. if I had my druthers: if I could do what I wanted/preferred.
"If I had my druthers, I'd stay home from work today."
106. in over one's head: in a situation that is too much /
too difficult for one to manage.
"Do you have time to help me? I thought I could do this
but I'm afraid I'm in over my head. I just can't handle things
107. inside out: with the inner part on the outside and the
outer part on the inside.
"Why are you wearing your tee shirt inside out?"
108. in stock: in supply and available to buy / sell.
"I'm sorry, but we just sold our last pair of hiking boots.
If you come back
at the end of the week, however, we should have some more in
109. in the black: profitable; not showing a financial loss.
"What did you do to increase profit and eliminate losses?
We've been in the black for two months in a row."
110. in the red: unprofitable; showing a financial loss.
"We have to do something to increase profit and decrease losses.
We've been in the red for two months in a row."
111. in time: not late.
"I thought I was going to be late for my flight, but it was
delayed, so I was still in time."
112. jump all over someone: severely criticize / find
fault with someone.
A: "What's wrong with Joe?"
B: "He's feeling bad because his boss jumped all over him this
113. jump the gun: do something before it's time to do it.
A: "How did Marsha know about the party? It was supposed to be a
B: "Chuck jumped the gun. Without thinking, he said, 'I'm
bringing the cake at your party;
I hope you like it!"
114. jump to conclusions: decide something too quickly and
without thinking about it or considering all the facts.
A: "Angela just doesn't like me. She won't even say hello."
B: "You're jumping to conclusions. Actually, she's very shy."
115. junk mail: unsolicited mail (usually advertisements for
something you're not interested in).
"I didn't have any letters today--only junk mail."
116. keep an eye on: check something regularly.
"You're busy, so you'll need to keep an eye on the time.
Remember that we have to leave at 4:30."
117. keep an eye out for: watch for.
"I'll keep an eye out for John. If I see him, I'll tell him
you want to talk to him."
118. keep one's chin up: remain brave and confident in a
difficult situation; don't despair or worry too much.
"I know that things have been difficult for you recently,
but keep your chin up. Everything will be better soon."
119. keep one's nose to the grindstone: stay diligent;
steadily work hard, without breaks or an uneven pace.
"If I keep my nose to the grindstone, I should be finished by
the end of the day."
120. keep/stay in touch (with someone): remain informed (about
someone) / in contact (with someone) by writing, calling,
sending e-mail, etc. on a regular basis.
"I haven't seen Frank for two or three years but we keep (stay)
in touch by e-mail."
121. keep one's fingers crossed: hope for the best.
A: "How did you do on the test?"
B: "I think I passed, but I won't know until tomorrow.
I'm keeping my fingers crossed!"
122. kid (noun): child.
A: "You have three kids, don't you?"
B: "That's right. I have two girls and a boy."
123. kid (verb): playfully say something that isn't true.
"I was kidding when I said my teacher was a monster. She's
but she's actually a very nice person."
124. kind of: rather; more or less; a little.
"I'm feeling kind of hungry. I think I'll make myself a
125. a klutz: an awkward, uncoordinated person.
"Don't ask Jeff to dance with you. He's a real klutz and
will probably step on your feet!"
126. a know-it-all: someone who acts as if he/she knows
everything--as if no one
can tell him/her anything that he/she doesn't already know.
"Don't try to make any suggestions to Bob. He's a know-it-all
and won't pay attention to anything you say."
127. know something backwards and forwards: know/understand
something completely and thoroughly.
"If you have a question about html tags, ask Susan. She knows
backwards and forwards."
128. know something inside out: know/understand something
"If you have a question about grammar, ask Dr. Martin. She
knows grammar inside out."
129. lend someone a hand: help someone.
"I can't do this alone. Can you lend me a hand?"
130. leave well enough alone: do nothing (because doing
something would make things worse).
"Don't tell Jim how to discipline his children. Leave well
131. a let-down: a disappointment; something that's very
"It must've been quite a let-down not to be chosen for that job.
I know you really hoped you would get it."
132. Let sleeping dogs lie.: Don't cause problems by doing
something when it isn't necessary.
"I know that what Julie said made you angry, but let sleeping
If you say or do anything, you'll only make things worse."
133. live from hand to mouth: survive on very little money; have
only enough money
to pay for basic needs.
"Chuck and Alice are living from hand to mouth since Chuck lost
134. live and let live: don't unnecessarily make things
do as you wish and let others do as they wish.
"I'm not going to criticize Alice's family just because their
are a little strange. My motto is 'Live and let live.'"
135. a low blow: a big disappointment.
A: "Fred seems depressed. Is he OK?"
B: "He's OK, but not good. It was a low blow for him to be laid
off from his job."
136. lousy: terrible; very bad.
"Why did you speak so rudely to your grandmother? That was a
lousy thing to do!"
137. macho: super masculine / masculine to an extreme (in
appearance and behavior).
"Her husband would never agree to help with the housework;
he's too macho to do that."
138. make a mountain out of a molehill: make something seem much
more important than it really is.
"Calm down. There's really nothing to worry about.
You're making a mountain out of a molehill."
139. make up one's mind: decide what to do.
A: Where are you going on your vacation?
B: Maybe Canada, maybe Mexico. I can't make up my mind."